Children’s nutrition is built on the same principles that are used for adult nutrition. The key to a balanced diet is a healthy balance in food items, exercise and an active lifestyle.
The five major food groups are dairy, grains, proteins, fruits, vegetables. They are an ideal start for any child’s food plan. The amount of each food group will be contingent on the age of the child, their genetic makeup, and physical activities. It is crucial to know each food group in order to design an appropriate and balanced diet for your child.
Grains can be divided into two types that are refined and whole grains. Whole grains are healthier due to the fact that they comprise products using the whole kernel of the grain. Whole grain products comprise whole wheat flour, oatmeal and brown rice.
Milled refined grains have been processed many times in order to increase the shelf durability and texture. While many nutritional benefits are lost in refined grains, whole grains are full of their natural nutrients. A few examples of refined grains are cereal, tortillas, white bread and white rice.
Any vegetable or juice that is 100% vegetable is part of the vegetable category. Vegetables may be cooked, raw, dehydrated, canned as a whole, juiced or mashed. They are classified into five subcategories that include dark-green vegetables, starchy veggies such as orange and red veggies beans, peas, beans as well as other vegetables.
The amount of each depends on the category it falls under, taking into account that some vegetables are more dense and rich in nutrients in comparison to others. Vegetables are also classified into additional subcategories, including organic, non-organic, as well as non-GMO.
Fresh fruit or juice made from 100% fruit is part of the category of fruit. Fruit can be preserved, frozen or dried, pureed or juiced. Because of the high sugar content in the fresh fruit, it’s advised to establish a healthy balance in your diet that is based on age, exercise levels, daytime, and gender. Like vegetables, fresh fruits can be further classified in organic and nonorganic, and non-GMO.
Protein & Dairy
Protein food is composed of foods that are principally proteins, such as poultry, meat beans, peas, beans, seafood, eggs, and nuts. It is suggested that sources of poultry and meat in the diet of your child be slim and low in fat. All liquid milk products and other products made mostly from milk fall under the dairy food category. Dairy-related products include things like yogurt, milk, and cheese.
In recent times dairy has become controversial as a part of the group of food, and consequently, many nutritionally comparable dairy alternatives are now available with higher nutritional value. In this regard, the category also includes fortified dairy alternative products like soy, almonds, cashew milk as well as nuts and cheeses.
Based upon the age of your child and genetic make-up of your child, diet and habits could be different and place an importance on certain nutrition guidelines for one age group and many different guidelines for another.
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